Turkmenistan has no flight school, Turkmen do their pilot training abroad
At least 17 years old, High School Graduate, Able to write, read, and speak in English Language, Pass Medical Examination
With its population of over 6 million, Turkmenistan has only one (1) airline - Turkmenistan Airlines. It operates air services mainly from its hub at Ashgabat International Airport.
One of the questions we received is How to become a Pilot in Turkmenistan. Hence, we've created this Step by Step Guide to assist aspiring pilots from the country.
Step by Step Guide on How to become a Pilot in Turkmenistan
Step 1. Research
Research the different options you have to become a Pilot in Turkmenistan. Start of by researching online thru Aviationfly.com, Google, YouTube, Civil Aviation Administration of Turkmenistan, Facebook Pilot Groups and others. The more research you do initially, the more you will know all your options and the process of how to become a pilot in Turkmenistan.
- Different Pilot Training Options
- Flight School: Since Turkmenistan has no flight school, you may take your pilot training abroad. If you are interested to take your flight training abroad, please send us a message.
- Aviation related College Degree Program: This allows you to combine a college degree with flight training.
- Airline Cadet Pilot Program: These are flight training programs which include guaranteed employment with the airline upon successful graduation (and some of these programs are sponsored by the airline).
- Join the Military (Turkmen Air Force): Get your flight training sponsored by joining the Military - you will have to stay with the Military for around 12 years after completing your training before you are allowed to apply to commercial airlines.
Step 2. Basic Requirements
- Age: The minimum age to start your pilot training is 17 years old and that is when you can receive a Student Pilot License (SPL) and the retirement age for airline pilots actively flying is 65 years old.
- Medical Certificate: In order to start your pilot training, you will need to secure a Medical Certificate - in order to get this, it is best to speak with the Flight School you want to start with and they will help arrange it for you.
- Educational requirement: It is important to note at this point that you can get a Student Pilot License, Private Pilot License, and Commercial Pilot License with a Secondary School Degree.
- English Proficiency: The language of Aviation internationally is English and it is recommended to meet a Level 4 English standard before receiving your Commercial Pilot License - if you are looking to improve your English, you can send us a message and we will give you tips on what courses to take.
Step 3. Training Stages
- Student Pilot License (SPL): Allows you to start your flight training - To get a Student Pilot Certificate, you should be at least 17 years old and be able to speak, understand, read, and write in English language at the minimum required level by the Civil Aviation Administration of Turkmenistan, and a Valid Class II Medical Certificate.
- Private Pilot License (PPL): This license will allow you to fly solo or fly passengers or cargo but without receiving any money for it. To get a Private Pilot License you must be over 17 years old, Valid Class II Medical Certificate, and be able to pass the ground school exam and flight check ride (exam flight) of the Civil Aviation Administration of Turkmenistan.
Minimum flight experience requirement by the Civil Aviation Administration of Turkmenistan to obtain a Private Pilot License is at least 40 hours or has flown 35 hours during completing an approved as a pilot aircraft in accordance with the requested rating. Permitted include in the total flight time (40 hours or 35 hours, depending on the circumstances) flights performed with an instructor pilot on a simulator flight simulation, but not more than 5 hours.The candidate has at least 10 hours of independent flight time on airplanes under the guidance of an authorized instructor pilot in accordance with requested grade, including 5 hours of self-flying en route, with at least one flight en route not less than 270 km (150 NM) with landing to a full stop on two different airfields.
- Commercial Pilot License (CPL): License will allow you to earn from flying and be a paid professional pilot. To get a Commercial Pilot License you must be at least 18 years old and valid First Class Medical Certificate.
Minimum flight experience requirement by the Civil Aviation Administration of Turkmenistan to obtain a Commerical Pilot License is at least 200 hours of flight time on an aircraft of the corresponding type or flew at least 150 hours during the training course according to the AGAT approved program as an aircraft pilot. Licensing Authority determines admissibility inclusion in the total flight time (200 or 150 hours, depending on the circumstances) flights performed with an instructor pilot on a simulator. Included in the general flying time on the simulator does not exceed 10 hours.
The candidate has flown on planes:
- at least 100 hours as an aircraft commander or 70 hours as aircraft commander, if the candidate took a training course in program approved by AGAT;
- 20 hours, performing en-route flights as an air commander vessels with landings to a full stop on two different airfields;
- 10 hours during instrument flight training, of which no more than 5 hours may be the time for an instrument ground training session;
- if it is supposed to exercise the right of this certificate at night, then 5 hours at night, including the execution of five takeoffs and five landings as an aircraft commander.
- Instrument Rating: Being Instrument Rated means that you can fly the aircraft in any weather condition (example low or zero visibility) using just the instruments.
- Multi-Engine Rating: License which allows you to fly multi-engine aircraft.
- Airline Pilot License: Is the highest level of Aircraft Pilot Certificate that allows you to act as pilot in command on scheduled air carriers. To get an Airline Pilot License you must be over 21 years old, and has a valid First Class Medical Certificate.
Minimum flight experience requirement by the Civil Aviation Administration of Turkmenistan to obtain an Airline Pilot License is at least 1500 hours of flight time as an aircraft pilot. The Licensing Authority determines the acceptability of inclusion in this total flight time (1500 hours) of flights performed with an instructor pilot on a flight simulation training device. Time included in the total plaque flights on such a simulator does not exceed 100 hours, of which no more than 25 hours is flying on a flight simulator or a flight simulator basic instrument flight training.
The candidate has flown on planes at least:
- 500 hours as a supervised aircraft commander or 250 hours or as an aircraft commander, or at least 70 hours from this time in as the pilot-in-command, and the additional flight time required - as a supervised aircraft commander;
- 200 hours, performing flights along the route, of which at least 100 hours as the aircraft commander under supervision;
- 75 hours performing instrument flights, of which the ground training time is devices does not exceed 30 hours;
- 100 hours, performing flights at night as an aircraft commander or second the pilot.
If you have any questions so far, please do send us a message on the yellow TALK TO US button.
Step 4. Career Options
- Airline Pilot for the large airlines or smaller regional ones
- Corporate or Business Aviation Pilot
- Cargo Pilot
- Charter / Air Taxi Pilot
- Flight Instructor
- Medical / Air Ambulance Pilots
- Agricultural Pilot and many more options
As an Airline Pilot you will earn around US$2,685 per month plus benefits (9,390 TMT)!
Tips for picking a Flight School
- Decide on your pilot goals - what are your long-term aspirations in aviation? Do you want to become a pilot in your free time (Private Pilot License)? Do you want to fly in General Aviation (Commercial Pilot License)? Do you want to become an airline pilot (airline program)? If you want to become an airline pilot which airlines are hiring? What aircraft are the airlines receiving over the next few years? Which flight schools do the airlines usually hire from? These are critical questions you should list and get answers to when asking yourself "how will I become a Pilot".
- Determine how much you can afford to spend - different schools have different costs (due to location, number of students, aircraft type and a number of other factors), find out the reasons for the price difference. Do programs have financial assistance/loan programs? Might a part time program work for you?
- How much free time do you have - different schools have different training schedules with some offering flexibility while others want the cadets to train full time and on campus (note that delaying flight training usually increases your training cost).
- What equipment does the flight school use - this is important from a training but even more importantly from a safety aspect. Take into consideration as well the equipment preference of airlines which will want new pilots to have trained on certain equipment. Find out what the difference is between training aircraft (both from a training and cost perspective). Aircraft age does not always relate to safety, this is dependent on the aircraft maintenance - ask the flight school in detail about their aircraft maintenance department? Safety features of the aircraft?
- Visit your shortlist of flight schools - speak to the instructors and management teams to learn about the training, safety policies, history and graduates of the flight school. To find all the options available to you visit this page by clicking here.