How to Become a Pilot in Canada 2022

Hi there, future Pilot! Your interest in becoming a pilot must have brought you to this page. You might be wondering how to become a Pilot in Canada after 12th Grade? Is becoming a Pilot your dream or are you simply just curious about how to become a Pilot in Canada? If you answer yes to either, then this “How to become a Pilot in Canada 2022” page is for you!

You probably have a multitude of questions when it comes to qualifications, duration, and requirements necessary for pilot training in Canada. Fret not, as we, at Aviationfly, have compiled the most basic things you need to know when planning to take your pilot course/program in Canada.

Aviationfly has helped many aspiring pilots just like you become a pilot with our step-by-step guide below. On this page, we will walk you through all the steps that you need to consider when pursuing your dream of becoming either a private pilot, commercial pilot, or airline transport pilot. 

Step 1: Do research on the available flight training options in Canada

You need to know what pilot training programs are being offered in the country and which among those is the most suitable for you. What is your aviation goal? Do you want to obtain a Private Pilot License (PPL) or a Commercial Pilot License (CPL)? Are you seeking to work for an airline? If yes, then an Airline Transport Pilot License (ATPL) is for you. Do you aim to attain a college degree at the same time too? Or do you see yourself joining the military, particularly the Air Force? 

Did we lose you? Don’t panic! If you’re not familiar with the terms in this How to become a Pilot in Canada 2021 Guide or can’t choose which license is right for you, you can send in your questions. Our team will be happy to help you out.

Here are your options

  • Flight School

There are over a hundred and fifty flight schools in Canada that offer different pilot training programs that you can choose from. It is important that you create a list of your preferred flight school/s so you can compare which is fitting for you. Each school has its own procedures, enrollment requirements, and depending on which pilot training courses you decide to take, the tuition fee also varies. 

  • Aviation-related college degree program

However, if you’re interested in obtaining a college degree accompanied by flight training, you should consider aviation-related college degree programs. These programs allow students to combine a college degree with flight training. With this kind of program, you will earn a college degree together with a pilot license such as Commercial Pilot License (CPL) in most cases. This will give you the opportunity to have the best of both worlds.

  • Airline cadet pilot program

Meanwhile, if your greatest childhood dream is to become an airline pilot, you should consider airline cadet pilot programs. Airlines often sponsor these programs and students are guaranteed employment upon course completion. In this pilot program, you will obtain an Airline Transport Pilot License (ATPL). You can reach out to us to get an insight into the options currently available.

  • Join the military

Finally, if you’re interested in serving your country, you can join the Royal Canadian Air Force. The Government will sponsor your flight training but you will have to stay with the military for around 12 years after completion before you can apply to commercial airlines.

Step 2: Look up the Basic Requirements

  • What is the minimum age to become a pilot in Canada?

    • You need to be at least 17 years old to start your pilot training in India. However, at 14 years old, you can already be issued a Student Pilot License (SPL).
  • What do I need to start pilot training in Canada? 

    • In order to start your pilot training, you will need to secure a medical certificate. The best way to do this is to speak with the flight school you would like to enroll in and they will help arrange it for you.
  • What are the minimum educational requirements to become a pilot in Canada?

    • Potential students must be at least a high school graduate.
  • What level of English do I need to become a pilot in Canada?

    • Since the language of aviation internationally is English, it is recommended to have at least a level 4 English standard before receiving your pilot license. If you are looking to improve your English, you can send us a message and we will give you tips on what courses to take.
  • What is the maximum age for airline pilots in Canada? 

    • The retirement age for airline pilots is 65 years old.

*Note: These requirements are based on Transport Canada.

Step 3: Decide on which training stages you will have to undergo

In general, there are five (5) different pilot training stages in which students need to complete depending on what their goal is. The stages of pilot training are as follows:

  • Student Pilot License (SPL)

The first pilot license you will need to obtain is a student pilot license. This license allows you to start your flight training. To get a Canadian student pilot certificate, you need to be at least 14 years old, and able to speak, understand, read, and write in English language at the minimum level required by the Indian DGCA.

  • Private Pilot License (PPL)

The private pilot license will allow you to fly solo, passengers, or cargo but without monetary compensation. In order to get a Canadian private pilot license, you must be at least 17 years old, be a holder of SPL, and pass all the ground school exams and flight check ride by Transport Canada. To get a Private Pilot License, you should:

(a) be at least 17 years old;

(b) shall hold a Category 3 Medical Certificate;

(c) shall have completed a minimum of 45 hours private pilot flight training in aeroplanes under the direction and supervision of the holder of a Flight Instructor Rating – Aeroplane. A maximum 5 of the 45 hours may be conducted on an approved aeroplane simulator or flight training device.

The flight training shall include a minimum of:

(i) 17 hours dual instruction flight time, including a minimum of 3 hours cross-country flight time and 5 hours of instrument time of which a maximum of 3 hours may be instrument ground time; and

(ii) 12 hours solo flight time, including 5 hours cross-country flight time with a flight of a minimum of 150 nautical miles which shall include 2 full stop landings at points other than the point of departure.

  • Commercial Pilot License (CPL)

To start earning from flying, you will need to obtain a commercial pilot license. This license allows you to become a paid professional pilot. In order to obtain a commercial pilot license in Canada, you will need to meet the following minimum requirements:

(a) be at least 18 years old;

(b) shall hold a Category 1 Medical Certificate;

(c) have completed a minimum of 200 hours flight time in aeroplanes, of which a minimum of 100 hours shall be pilot-in-command time including 20 hours cross-country pilot-in-command flight time, and

(d) have completed 65 hours of commercial pilot flight training in aeroplanes consisting of a minimum of:

(i) 35 hours dual instruction flight time, under the direction and supervision of the holder of a Flight Instructor Rating — Aeroplane, including:

(1) 5 hours night, including a minimum of 2 hours of cross-country flight time;

(2) 5 hours cross-country, which may include the cross-country experience stated in subclause (I); and

(3) 20 hours of instrument flight time in addition to the experience stated in subclauses (1) and (2). A maximum 10 hours of the 20 hours may be conducted on an approved aeroplane simulator or synthetic flight training device.

(ii) 30 hours solo flight time including:

(1) 25 hours solo flight time emphasizing the improvement of general flying skills of the applicant which shall include a cross-country flight to a point of a minimum of 300 nautical mile radius from the point of departure and shall include a minimum of 3 landings at points other than that of departure; and

(2) 5 hours solo flight time by night during which a minimum of 10 takeoffs, circuits and landings were completed.

Both 4 and 5 are add-ons to your pilot license…

  • Instrument Rating (IR)

Being instrument-rated means that you can fly the aircraft in any weather condition (for example low or zero visibility) using just the instruments. Flight schools offer Instrument Rating along with their commercial pilot training. But this can also be obtained separately.

  • Multi-Engine Rating (MER)

The multi-engine rating will allow you to fly multi-engine aircraft. Flight schools offer Multi-Engine Rating along with their private pilot training and commercial pilot training. But this can also be obtained separately.

  •   Airline Transport Pilot License (ATPL)

Is the highest level of Aircraft Pilot Certificate that allows you to act as pilot in command on scheduled air carriers. To get an Airline Transport Pilot License, you must be:

(a) at least 21 years old;

(b) shall hold a Category 1 Medical Certificate;

(c) completed a minimum of 1500 hours total flight time of which a minimum of 900 hours shall have been completed in aeroplanes. The total flight time shall include a minimum of:

(i) 250 hours pilot-in-command flight time in aeroplanes which shall include where applicable, a maximum of 100 hours pilot-in-command under supervision flight time. The pilot-in-command and/or pilot-in-command under supervision flight time shall include a minimum of 100 hours cross-country flight time of which a minimum of 25 hours shall have been by night;

(ii) 100 hours night flight time as pilot-in-command or as co-pilot of which a minimum of 30 hours shall have been acquired in aeroplanes;

(iii) 100 additional hours cross-country flight time as pilot-in-command or 200 hours as co-pilot or any combination thereof, with flight time calculated. Flight time as pilot-in-command may be part of the 250 hours pilot-in-command flight time specified; and

(iv) 75 hours instrument flight time of which a maximum of 25 hours may have been acquired in approved instrument ground trainers and a maximum of 35 hours may have been acquired in helicopters. Instrument ground time shall not be applied toward the total 1500 hour flight time requirement.

If you have any questions with respect to our How to become a Pilot in Canada 2021 Guide, feel free to use chat messenger to send us a message. 

Step 4: Choose a flight school

After doing your research on the type of license you would like to obtain, the next step is to choose which flight school is the most suitable for your budget.

So, how much does pilot training cost? 

It is important to note that becoming a pilot requires a certain budget. Your flight training cost depends on the country you do your training, the flight school you pick, and a number of other factors.

If you decide to do your flight training within the country, there are over a hundred and fifty pilot schools in Canada for you to choose from. You can find a list of flight training institutes in Canada by registering with us on Aviationfly.com. Our flight school directory has a list of all the latest active flight schools in Canada including their brief background, pilot training courses being offered, school’s fleet details, what they can offer to you and other information. 

On the other hand, if you decide to do your flight training abroad, there are a number of popular countries to choose from such as the United States. Aviationfly.com is in contact with pilot training schools in the US that has trained a number of Canadian pilots. One important thing to note is that after your training, you will have to convert your license to the Canadian pilot license with Transport Canada.

As mentioned above, another alternative is to enroll in an airline pilot program. Once you have successfully passed your pilot training, you will be employed by the airlines that have set up the program.

Step 5: Consider your Career Options

Many aspiring pilots have a defined career path they would like to pursue, while others don’t. Below is a list of options for what you can potentially do with a pilot license.

  • Airline pilot for large airlines or smaller regional ones
  • Corporate or business aviation pilot
  • Cargo pilot
  • Charter / Air taxi pilot
  • Flight instructor
  • Medical/ Air ambulance pilots
  • Agricultural pilot and many more options

A frequently asked question is: how much does an Airline Pilot in Canada make? The short answer is around 20,000CAD or US$15,200 per month plus benefits*!

*This/these number/numbers is/are based on available data and research conducted in the year 2019. There is no guarantee that the number/s provided is/are accurate. Please read our Disclaimer.

Good luck, future Pilot!

Tips for Picking a Flight School

Tip 1. Decide on your pilot goals

Firstly, ask yourself – what are your long-term aspirations in aviation? Do you want to become a pilot in your free time (Private Pilot License)? Or do you want to fly in General Aviation (Commercial Pilot License)? Do you want to become an airline pilot through an airline pilot cadet program? Additionally, which airlines are currently hiring? What type of aircraft will be utilized by airlines in the next few years? Which flight schools do the airlines usually hire from? Best to ask flight schools if they have partnerships with airlines. These are critical questions you should list and get answers to when asking yourself “how will I become a Pilot”.

Tip 2. Determine how much you can afford to spend

Secondly, different flight schools have different costs (due to location, number of students, aircraft type and several other factors), find out the reasons for the price difference. Moreover, do these programs have financial assistance/loan programs? Might a part-time program work for you?

Tip 3. Determine how much free time you have

Each flight training school has its own training schedules with some offering flexibility while others want the cadets to train full time and on campus. Note that delaying flight training usually increases your training costs.

Tip 4. Find out what type of aircraft the flight school uses and information of its aircraft maintenance center

This is important from a training point of view, but even more importantly, from a safety aspect. Furthermore, you should also take into consideration the equipment preference of airlines. Aircraft age does not always relate to safety, this is dependent on the aircraft maintenance – ask the flight school in detail about their aircraft maintenance department and safety features of the aircraft.

Tip 5. Visit your shortlist of flight schools

Finally, when possible, speak to the instructors and flight school management teams to learn about the training, safety policies, history, and graduates of the flight school.

Do you still have questions? Send us a message!

You can also check out How to become a Pilot in the USA, How to become a Pilot in Australia, or other countries by navigating on our platform, or simply just reach out to our team through chat.